COMPLETE ORGANIC CHEMISTRY FOR CLASS XII
Subject chemistry Medium ENGLISH
Faculty VKP Sir Status AVAILABLE
Category COMPLETE COURSE Lecture 63
Target XI XII XIII Books QUESTION BANK ATTACHED
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Syllabus

REACTION MECHANISM

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Carbocations C+, Hybridisation of carbocations , Stability of carbocations , Rearrangement of carbocations , Type of shifts , Migratory aptitude 36 Minutes
02 Migratory aptitude of aromatic group , Rearrangement in cyclic carbocations , Ring expansion (RE),  Ring contracting (RC) , Cyclopropyl methyl carbocations (CPM–C+), Stability order of carbocations , Some extra ordinary stable carbocations, CPM carbocation , Aromatic carbocations 42 Minutes
03 Rearrangement of carbocation,  Reaction mechanism , Solvents , Polar protic solvents (PPS),  Polar aprotic solvents (PAs) , Reagents , Nucleophiles, Nu,  Electrophilic E+ 35 Minutes
04 Electrophiles, E+,  Nucleophiles, Nu,  Nucleophilicity , Experimental order of Nu,  Strong Nu with weak basic character , Strong Nu with strong basic character,  Weak Nu with weak basic character , Solvation of Nu 47 Minutes
05 Leaving group (l.g.), Leaving group ability , Unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction of first order (for R–X) i.e SN1 of R–X , Kinetics of SN1, Stereo of SN1, PE- diagram of SN1, SN1 with rearrangement in C+, Rate of SN1 reaction 36 Minutes
06 SN1 or R–X,  Solvolysis reaction , Factors affecting the rate of SN1 reactions , SN1 of alcohol R–OH 50 Minutes
07 SN1 of R–OH, Lucas reaction , SN1 of ethers , Hydrolysis of ethers , SN2 reaction of (R–X), Kinetics of SN2 reaction , Stereochemistry of SN2 Rxn , PE-diagram of SN2 Rxn 43 Minutes
08 Walden's experiment , Walden Inversion , Factors affecting the rate of SN2 Rxn , Halogen exchange reaction , Finkelstien reaction , Swart's reaction , SN2 Rxn  of alcohol (R–OH), SNi reaction of alcohol with SOCl2 48 Minutes
09 SN2 of ether , Reaction of epoxides , Williamson's ether synthesis 29 Minutes
10 Intramolecular SN2 reactions , Neighbouring group participation (NGP) , Comparison between SN1 and SN2 , SN1 Vs SN2 41 Minutes
11 Elimination Reaction , E1 elimination (of R–X), Saytzeff's rule , Regioselectivity , E1 of Alcohols, Acid catalysed dehydroation of alcohol, Dienone- Phenol rearrangement ,  Pinacol - Pinacolone rearrangement , Semipinacol- Pinacolone rearrangement 51 Minutes
12 E2 Rxn of (R–X), Stereoselectivity and sterospecificity , Reagents of E–2 Reaction , Order of Rate of E–2, Major Hofmann Alkene 37 Minutes
13 Summary of SN1/ SN2/E1/E2, Stereo selectivity of E–2 reaction , E1CB reaction , Cases when Hofmann Alkene is the major product 40 Minutes
14 Tetraalkyl ammonium hydroxide , E–2 Rxn, Didehalogenation , Stereoselectivity , Isotope effect (KH/KD) 24 Minutes

 

GRIGNARD REAGENT,ALKANE,REDUCTION

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Organometallic compounds , Preparation of G.R.    12 Minutes
02 Preparation of GR, Solvents of GR, Reaction of GR, Acid-base reaction of GR, Zerewitinoff's active hydrogen determination 33 Minutes
03 Nucleophilic addition reaction of GR, SN2- Th reaction of GR 30 Minutes
04 Unstable GR, Mono GR is not possible with dihalide , Reaction of GR with CO2, Reaction of GR with O2, Reaction of GR with RCN, Digrignard reagent , Reactions of digrignard reagent 40 Minutes
05 Attack of GR on weak bond, 1,2-addtion & 1,4-additon , Reaction of GR with metal halides , REDUCTION , Definition of reduction , Table of reducing agents , Catalytic hydrogenation 42 Minutes
06 Catalylic hydrogenation , Stereoselectivity ,) Partial hydrogenation , Lindlar's catalyst , P-2 catalyst (Nickle Boride), Birch reduction 44 Minutes
07 Hydroboration Reduction (HBR), Transfer Hydrogenation, Clemmensen reduction , Wolf-Kishner reduction, Lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4) 54 Minutes
08 Sodiumboro hydride (NaBH4) (SBH), Triphenyltin hydride Ph3SnH (TPH), DiBAl-H- Diisobutyl Aluminium hydride , Red –P + HI, Mozingo reduction , MPV- reduction , Oppeneaus Oxidation  , Bauvealt-Blanc reduction , ALKANES, Free Radicals , Formation of free radicals , F.R. Catalyst/ Initiators / Promotors , F.R. Inhibitors/ Scavangers/Poisons , Stability of free radicals , Reactions of free radicals , Combination Reactions , Disproportionation reaction 53 Minutes
09 Reactions of Free radicals , Stability of free radicals , Preparation of Alkanes , Wurtz Reaction (WR), Wurtz-Fitting reaction , Fitting reaction , Frankland reaction , Kolbe's Electrolytic synthesis (KES), Corey-House Reaction 41 Minutes
10 Corey House reaction, Decarboxylation , Decarboxylation by soda lime , Decarboxylation by heating 40 Minutes
11 Properties of Alkanes , Chemical properties of Alkanes , Free Radical substitution reaction , PE-diagrams , Reactivity order , Conditions of halogenation 25 Minutes
12 reactivity and selectivity , Percentage yield , Quantum yield , Isomerisation reaction of alkanes , Aromatisation reaction of alkanes , Petroleum , Physical Properties of alkanes 39 Minutes

 

ALKENE,ALKYNE,OXIDATION

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Alkenes , Preparation of Alkene , Pyrolysis of ester , Pyrolysis of xanthates (Chaugave reaction ) , Cope reaction , Didehalogenations 37 Minutes
02 Chemical reactions of Alkenes , Electrophilic addition reaction (AE Rxn), Classical carbocation mechanism , Non-Classical carbocation mechanism , Markowni Koff's rule , Addition of H–X, Antimarkowni Koff's rule 52 Minutes
03 Addition of H2O on Alkenes , Acid-catalysed hydration of Alkenes , Oxymercuration- Demercuration reaction  (OM/DM), Hydroboration -oxidation (HBO), Alkoxymercuration Demercuration , Addition of X2 on Alkenes 47 Minutes
04 Addition of HOX on alkenes , Stereoselectivity , Order of rate of addition of X2 on alkene , Chemical reaction of Alkynes , Addition of H-X on alkynes , Addition of H2O on alkynes , Hydration of alkyne with dil H2SO4 and HgSO4, Hydroboration – Oxidation 48 Minutes
05 Addition of HOX on alkynes , Preparation of alkynes , Isomerisation  24 Minutes
06 Isomerisation mechanism , Reaction of terminal alkynes , Dienes , Conjugated diene , Addition NOCl on alkene , Allylic substitution , NBS- N-bromosuccinimide 35 Minutes
07 Reaction of NBS, MnO2- Oxidising agent , Carbenes , Sources of carbenes  , Types of carbenes 21 Minutes
08 Reaction of carbene , Reimmer-Tiemann reaction , Carbyl amine reaction , OXIDATION , definition of oxidation  , Oxidation of alkenes and alkynes , Ozonolysis of Alkenes and alkynes , Oxidation of Ketone , Perhydroxylation of Alkenes (Formation of diols), Baiyer reaction – Baeyer's reagent , Osmium tetraoxide (OsO4), Epoxidation by per acid 49 Minutes
09 Oxidation-strong oxidising agent , Potassium dichromate K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, Alkaline KMnO4/ OH-, H2CrO4 or CrO3 + H2O, Table of oxidising agents , Oxidation of alcohols , Mild oxidising agents , Oxidation of periodic acid HIO4, Oxidation of aldehydes , Oxidation with NBS, Tollen's reagent , Fehling's Reagent , Benedict's solution , Schiff's reagent 38 Minutes
10 Oxidation of seleniumdioxide SeO2, Side-Chain oxidation 13 Minutes

 

AROMATIC COMPOUND

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Aromaticity , Benzenoids and Non-Benzenoids , NMR-definition of Aromaticity  , Anti Aromaticity , Polycyclic aromatic compound , Azulenes , Reaction of AgNO3 and Na-metal , (n)-Annulenes , Peripheral aromaticity 44 Minutes
02 Electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction , Halogenation of Benzene , Baltz-Schiemann reaction , Nitration of benzene , Kinetic Isotope effect , Sulphonation of benzene , Friedel-Craft reaction (F.C. Rxn), F.C. Alkylation 49 Minutes
03 Ring-Closure at C-1 and C–2, Dehydrogenation , Limitations of F.C. reaction , Friedel Craft Acylation , Ring closure , Directive influence or Directive effect , Table of activating and deactivating groups 44 Minutes
04 Ortho-para ratio , Direction effect on disubstituted benzene , Directive influence in monosubstituted benzene , Directive influence in naphthalene , Directive influence in diphenyl , Directive influence in Anthracene and phenanthrene, Directive influence in pyridine & pyrrole , SN2 Ar reaction , PHENOL, Preparation of phenol 37 Minutes
05 Preparation of phenol from acid hydrolysis of cumene , Chemical reaction of phenol , Halogenation of phenol , Protection of –OH group, Nitration of Phenol , Sulphonation of Phenol, Reimer-Tiemann Reaction , Reimer-Tiemann formylation , Reimer-Tiemann carboxylation , Comparison of Reimer-Tiemann and carbyl amine reactions , Kolbe-Schmidt reaction , Some medicinally important compounds , Aspirine, Salol, Oil of winter green  39 Minutes
06 Nitrosation of phenol , Use of phenol as nucleophile, ANILINE, Preparation of aniline from reduction of nitrobenzene , Selective reduction , Chemical reactions of aniline , Halogenation of Aniline , Nitration of Aniline, Sulphonation of Aniline 26 Minutes
07 Fries rearrangment reaction in Phenol , Claisen rearrangement , Diazotisation of Aniline , Reaction of Benzene diazonium chloride (BDC) , Sandmeyer reaction , Baltz-scheimann reaction , Experimental evidence of formation of phenyl cation , Amination – Deamination 43 Minutes
08 AMINES, Preparation of Amines , Hofmann Bromamide reaction , Hofmann methylation , Gabriel phthalimide reaction , Coupling reaction of BDC 32 Minutes
09 Test of Amines ,Isocyanide Test of 1º Amine , Test with nitrous acid HNO2, CYANIDES and ISOCYANIDES , Preparation of cyanides and isocyamide , Hydrolysis of cyanides and isocyanides , IPSO-Substitution 23 Minutes
10 Basic Strength, Definition of bases  , Scales of basic strength , Organic Nitrogenous bases 12 Minutes
11 Basic strength of Aliphatic amines , Basic strength of Aromatic amines , SH of H2O, SIR effect on Aromatic amines , Basic strength of pyridine and pyarole 43 Minutes
12 Amidine-basic strength , Guanidine- basic strength , Kb order , Proton sponges , Site of protonation , Feasibility of reaction 31 Minutes

 

CARBONYL COMPOUND

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Preparation of aldehydes & Ketones , Dehydrogenation , Hydrolysis of gem. dihalide , From dry distillation of Col. salt of fatty acid , From acid chloride (Rossenmund's) , Formylation of benzene (Gattermann Koch Ald. Synthesis) , Chemical reaction of carbonyl compound , Nucleophilic addition reaction , Addition of H2O (Formation of hydrates) 41 Minutes
02 Addition of R–OH (Formation acetal/Ketal), Addition of G.R., Addition of HCN (Formation of cyanohydrin), Addition of NH3, Addition of Ammonia derivative 35 Minutes
03 Addition of NaHSO3 (Sodium bisulphite) , Backmann rearrrangment , Cyclic Ketone 29 Minutes
04 Condensation reaction , Aldol condensation reaction , Cross Aldol , Intramolecular Aldol reaction 40 Minutes
05 Perkin condensation reaction , Classen Ester condenstion , Cross-Claisen , Intramolecular claisen (Dieckmann's reaction ) , knoevenagel reaction 22 Minutes
06 Reformatsky reaction , Favorskii reaction , Cannizaro reaction 23 Minutes
07 Cross Aldol , Cross Cannizaro , Intramolecular cannizaro , Tischenko reaction , Alpha-Halogenation , Haloform reaction , Iodoform test 44 Minutes
08 Baeyer - Villiger Oxidation , Benzil - Benzilic acid Rearrangement , D-exchange reaction , Witting reaction , Benzoin condensation  33 Minutes

 

CARBOXYLIC ACID & DERRIVATIVES

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Carboxylic acid preparation , Arndt-Eistert reaction (Homologation of acid), Chemical reactions of carboxylic acids , Hunsdiecker reaction 18 Minutes
02 Decarboxylication reaction , Decarboxylation of acids by soda lime (SL), Decarboxylation by heating , Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky (HVZ) reaction , Acid derivatives , Preparation of acid derivatives , SN2 Th reaction , Esters- preparation , Type-I mechanism of esterification, Type-II mechanism of esterification 44 Minutes
03 Examples of esterification, Hydrolysis of ester , Acid hydrolysis of ester and saponification , Acid amide , Hofmann Bromamide reaction , Curtius reaction , Schmidt reaction , Lossen reaction 28 Minutes

 

BIOMOLECULES & POLYMER

Lecture# Description Duration
01 Carbohydrates , definition , Classification of carbohydrates , Based on number of units , Based on water solubility , Based on reducing properties 18 Minutes
02 Monosaccharides - Aldoses and Ketoses, D/L-configuration (Relative configuration) , Glucose , Cyclic hemiacetal structure of glucose , ANOMERS , EPIMERS , Haworth structure of glucose- glucopyranose structure, Formation of methyl-O-glucoside , Mutarotation, FRUTOSE , cyclic hemiacetal structure of fructose , Haworth structure of fructose- Fructofuranose structure   47 Minutes
03 SUCROSE, Inversion of sugar , Glycosidic linkage , Maltose ,Lactose , Starch , Amylose and amylopectin , Cellulose , Reaction of carbohydrates , Osazone formation of glucose and fructose 45 Minutes
04 Amino acids , Types of Alpha-Amino acids (AA), Neutral Alpha-AA, Acidic Alpha-AA, Basic Alpha-AA, Zwitter ion , Iso-electric point (pI), Calculation of pI value 21 Minutes
05 Peptides , Dipeptides , Peptide link, Polypeptides , Protein , Examples of Amino acids 18 Minutes
06 Polymerisation , Classification of polymer , Based on source , Base on Intermolecular force of attraction , Elastromers , Fibres , Thermoplastics, Thermosettings , Polyethylene , Nylon-6, Nylon-6,6, Natural Rubber , Synthetic Rubber- Neoprene , Buna-S, Buna-N , Dacron , Low density polyethylene (LDPE) 33 Minutes
07 High density polyethylene (HDPE) , Polypropylene , Poly isobutylene , Poly vinyl chloride (PVC), Poly tetrafluoro ethylene (PTFEW Tefflon) , Poly acrylonitrile (PAN or orlon), Poly styrene , Poly methyl methanacrylate (PMMA or Lucite)  or (Plexiglas or prespex), Natural Rubber- Polyisoprene , Gutta-percha, Vinylidene chloride- Vinyl chloride polymer , Lexan-Poly carbonate , Glyptal , Bakelite (or phenol- formaldehyde Resin), Melamine- formaldehyde (Melmac) , Polyurethane 33 Minutes

 

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